Come 15th August and you will hear patriotic songs playing in every nook and corner of the country. That’s the extent of patriotism that we Indians have in our blood and this is the exact spirit keeps all of us connected! Today, while reading a column online, I came across few interesting facts about our country which, I don’t think a lot of us would have heard before.
I literally noted them hurriedly on a piece of paper and am now about to share the same facts with all of you. Hope you all also find them as interesting as ever!
Here are list of 20 Things to Know About India Independence Day
1. All of us know that the British East India Company ruled India until Independence. But do you know the company came to India in 1600s to trade cotton, silk, and tea. And from traders, they became the rulers of our country.
2. Prior to the country’s administration moving to Delhi in 1911, Calcutta (present day Kolkata) was the capital of India.
3. This one’s a shocking fact! India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history!
4. Our National Flag was first hoisted on August 7, 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square at Calcutta. The Flag had three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green. The red strip had eight white lotuses embossed in a row while the green strip had a white sun to the left and a white crescent and star in the right.
5. The official National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya and displayed at Bezwada in 1921. Initially our Flag had a spinning wheel in the middle, however, later it was replaced by Dharma Chakra which represents a wheel of law.
6. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb, is the author of India’s Constitution. Our constitution is the longest written constitution in the world!
7. Apart from India, The Republic of Congo, Bahrain and South Korea also celebrate their Independence on August 15th.
8. India’s national song, ‘Vande Matram’ was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1882 in his novel ‘Anandamath’. The phrase means ‘I bow to thee mother’.
9. Rabindranath Tagore, who wrote our National anthem, is the first Indian to win the Noble Prize in 1913. He was also the first Asian to win a Nobel Prize for Literature.
10. India’s National Anthem was sung on 27 December, 1911, during a meeting of the Indian National Congress party in Calcutta.
11. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India while Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister.
12. Our Pandit Nehru was featured in Vogue magazine due to his unique dressing style of single-breasted jacket. The Nehru jacket was listed on Time list of ‘global fashion statement’.
13. The popular games, ‘Chess’ and ‘Snakes and Ladders’ were invented in India.
14. You will be proud to know that India is world’s largest producer of tea, milk and mangoes, and also the second largest producer of wheat and rice.
15. India has the largest postal network in the world. There are over 1, 55,015 post offices in the country which approximates to one post office for about 7,175 people of the country.
16. The peaceful transfer of power by the British came to effect in 1947.
17. The Sanskrit name for India is Bharat Ganarajya. The name India is derived from the River Indus. The valley around the river was the home to the first inhabitants of India. Hence the name!
18. Our National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, translates to ‘ Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people.’
19. On 15 August, 1947 when India got Independece, Mahatma Gandhi, was in Calcutta fasting against the communal hatred.
20. India has the largest road network in the world. Over 1.9 million roads are present across the country
Have a lot more points to add? How about sharing the same with us. Keep adding them to the comments section below.